Variables psicológicas asociadas a adherencia, cronicidad y complicaciones en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2

Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Claudia Chávez, Jaime Mañalich

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

8 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Lack of adherence to treatment may hamper the management of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Aim: To identify if there is a profile of psychological variables associated with adherence to treatment and complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Material and Methods: The psychometric instruments Multidimensional Scale of Locus of Control in Health, Locus of Control of Rotter and Inventory of Temporary Orientation of Zimbardo & Boyd were applied to 192 patients aged 64 ± 10 years (78% women) with type 2 diabetes attending public primary health clinics. Adherence to treatment was assessed using glycosylated hemoglobin levels. Results: There was an inverse association between glycosylated hemoglobin and adherence to treatment (p < 0.01). Adherence in patients with renal damage and diabetic foot was associated with the psychological variables Negative Time Perspective Profile (p < 0.05) and External Locus of Control Powerful Other (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A psychological profile associated with adherence was observed in the presence of kidney damage and diabetic foot. A fatalistic present and a negative past are the outstanding features of a negative temporal profile.

Título traducido de la contribuciónPsychological variables associated with adherence to treatment and complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)1151-1158
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen146
N.º10
DOI
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2018
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetic foot
  • Glycated hemoglobin a
  • Public health
  • Treatment adherence and compliance

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