La respuesta a proteínas mal plegadas como blanco terapeútico en la enfermedad de Alzheimer

Catalina Rivera-Krstulovia, Claudia Duran-Aniotz

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

The clinical features of Alzheimer's disease (AD), for example the progressive memory loss, are produced by neuronal loss and synaptic dysfunction. These events have been associated with histopathological alterations in AD brain, including the presence of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Recent studies suggest that cellular stress produced by the aggregation of misfolded proteins leads to alterations in protein homeostasis, that is regulated for the most part by endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The ER is the main compartment involved in the folding and secretion of proteins and is drastically affected in AD neurons. Recent evidence implicates the participation of adaptive responses to stress within the ER in the disease process through a signaling pathway known as the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) which alleviates the protein aggregation and ER stress. Based on the involvement of ER stress in several diseases, efforts are being done to identify small molecules that can inhibit or activate selective UPR components. Here, we review the findings suggesting a functional role of ER stress in the etiology of AD. Possible therapeutic strategies to mitigate ER stress in the context of AD are discussed.

Título traducido de la contribuciónUnfolded protein response as a target in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)216-223
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen148
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2020

Palabras clave

  • Alzheimer disease
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Unfolded protein response

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