The biodegradation of lignin is a highly oxidative process in which various oxidases and peroxidases play a major role. During lignin decay, the generation of aromatic compounds and reactive oxygen species leads to oxidative stress. In this work, the effect of the oxidative compounds H2O2 and hydroquinone in the ligninolytic fungus Ceriporiopsis subvermispora was studied, both at the ultrastructural and at the transcriptional level. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of microvesicles and extensive cytoplasm degeneration after incubation with hydroquinone, but not with H2O2. Studies of the intracellular redox state of the fungus showed that hydroquinone causes a transient decrease in the reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio and an increase in the glutathione-S-transferase mRNA levels. These results suggest that hydroquinone produces oxidative stress in this microorganism. On the other hand, it was observed that hydroquinone, but not H2O2, affects Mn-dependent peroxide and laccase transcripts levels. We propose that the mechanism by which the fungus reacts against oxidative stress contributes to its selectivity toward lignin during wood decay.