Evidencia de validez en Chile del alcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test (ASSIST)

Gonzalo Soto-Brandt, Rodrigo Portilla Huidobro, David Huepe Artigas, Álvaro Rivera-Rei, María Josefina Escobar, Natalia Salas Guzmán, Andrés Canales-Johnson, Agustín Ibáñez, Claudio Martínez Guzmán, Álvaro Castillo-Carniglia

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

22 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

This study aims to psychometrically validate the Chilean version of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test ASSIST. Specifically, this study is interested in evaluating the reliability, consistency and concurrent and discriminant validity of this instrument. The sample was composed for a total of 400 people from four different settings: treatment centers (residential and ambulatories), primary health care, police stations and companies. The reliability of the ASSIST was high (α = .86 for Alcohol, α = .84 for marijuana and α = .90 for cocaine). The intra class correlation coefficient (ICC) with test-retest comparison was statistically significant for Alcohol (ICC = .66), marijuana (ICC = .74) and cocaine (ICC = .80). There were statistically significant correlations between the ASSIST and the AUDIT score (Pearson’s r = .85), the ASSIST and the ASI-Lite score (r between .66 and .83 for tobacco, alcohol, marijuana and cocaine), and the ASSIST and the SDS score (r = .65). The original cutoff point for high risk detection was 27 points, however, in order to have a better balance between sensitivity and specificity the cut was changed to 21 points. The ASSIST presents good psychometric properties and therefore is a reliable and valid instrument to be used as a mechanism to detect risk levels of substance use in the Chilean population.

Título traducido de la contribuciónValidity evidence of the alcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test (assist) in Chile
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)291-302
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónAdicciones
Volumen26
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2014

Palabras clave

  • Alcohol
  • Illicit drugs
  • Screening test
  • Smoke
  • Validation

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