Empresa Nacional de Electricidad de Chile: Un caso de éxito en un proceso nacional de electrificación liderado por el estado, c.1936-1981

Juan Ricardo Nazer, Manuel Llorca-Jaña

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

This article provides a detailed account of the electrification of a backward economy; how Chile developed from consuming less than 130 kWh per inhabitant, with an electricity matrix dominated by thermal power plants, and little involvement from the public sector, to consuming over 800 kWh per person, largely because of hydropower stations, which greatly improved the living standards of the population. This change was mainly attributable to the design and implementation of an ambitious National Electrification Plan, implemented by the state from the 1940s to the 1970s, which relied heavily on capital investments. This national accomplishment was not down to private enterprise; it was directly orchestrated and executed by a public sector company, ENDESA, although relying heavily on foreign loans. The article explains what made this success possible: qualified workers, generous financing by external institutions, the availability of rich water resources, and a lack of environmental concerns.

Título traducido de la contribuciónChile’s national electricity company (ENDESA): A successful case of state-led national electrification, c. 1936-1981
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)183-222
Número de páginas40
PublicaciónRevista de Historia Industrial
Volumen29
N.º80
DOI
EstadoPublicada - oct. 2020
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Chile
  • Hydroelectricity
  • Hydropower
  • State-owned companies

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