Variables psicológicas asociadas a adherencia, cronicidad y complicaciones en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2

Translated title of the contribution: Psychological variables associated with adherence to treatment and complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Claudia Chávez, Jaime Mañalich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Lack of adherence to treatment may hamper the management of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Aim: To identify if there is a profile of psychological variables associated with adherence to treatment and complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Material and Methods: The psychometric instruments Multidimensional Scale of Locus of Control in Health, Locus of Control of Rotter and Inventory of Temporary Orientation of Zimbardo & Boyd were applied to 192 patients aged 64 ± 10 years (78% women) with type 2 diabetes attending public primary health clinics. Adherence to treatment was assessed using glycosylated hemoglobin levels. Results: There was an inverse association between glycosylated hemoglobin and adherence to treatment (p < 0.01). Adherence in patients with renal damage and diabetic foot was associated with the psychological variables Negative Time Perspective Profile (p < 0.05) and External Locus of Control Powerful Other (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A psychological profile associated with adherence was observed in the presence of kidney damage and diabetic foot. A fatalistic present and a negative past are the outstanding features of a negative temporal profile.

Translated title of the contributionPsychological variables associated with adherence to treatment and complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)1151-1158
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Medica de Chile
Volume146
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

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