The Timing and Nature of the Nutrition Transition in Chile, 1930-2019

Manuel Llorca-Jana, Ricardo Nazer, Javier Rivas, Daniel Morales-Campos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this article we provide the first long-term series of Chile's per capita consumption of a wide range of key foodstuffs: cereals, legumes, potatoes, meats and dairy products from 1930 to 2019, based on food balance sheets and complementary information from FAO, consumer price indexes and surveys of family budget. Based on this information, we examined and characterised the timing and nature of Chile's nutrition transition (NT), concluding that there was a NT within a short period of time (common to countries which develop comparatively late), with the average dietary energy consumption increasing from 2,600-2,700 kcal per person per day to slightly over 3,000 within a few decades. In Chile, as in most countries that have experienced a NT, dietary options became more diverse, but also less vegetarian: the consumption of meat and dairy products increased dramatically; there was an unprecedented decline in the consumption of legumes, and there was also a less substantial reduction in the average intake of potatoes. Yet, if compared to the NT experienced by most developed countries, the combined consumption of cereals in Chile has remained unusually stable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-156
Number of pages22
JournalRevista Iberoamericana de Viticultura Agroindustria y Ruralidad
Issue number26
StatePublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Chile
  • diet
  • nutrition transition


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