The Road Less Traveled: Alternative Pathways for Action-Verb Processing in Parkinson's Disease

Sofía Abrevaya, Lucas Sedeño, Sol Fitipaldi, David Pineda, Francisco Lopera, Omar Buritica, Andrés Villegas, Catalina Bustamante, Diana Gomez, Natalia Trujillo, Ricardo Pautassi, Agustín Ibáñez, Adolfo M. García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Action verbs are critically embodied in motor brain networks. In Parkinson's disease (PD), damage to the latter compromises access to such words. However, patients are not fully incapable of processing them, as their performance is far from floor level. Here we tested the hypothesis that action-verb processing in PD may rely on alternative disembodied semantic circuits. Seventeen PD patients and 15 healthy controls listened to action verbs and nouns during functional MRI scanning. Using cluster-mass analysis with a permutation test, we assessed task-related functional connectivity considering seeds differentially engaged by action and non-action words (namely, putamen and M1 versus posterior superior temporal lobe, respectively). The putamen seed showed reduced connectivity within the basal ganglia in patients for both lexical categories. However, only action verbs recruited different cortical networks in each group. Specifically, the M1 seed exhibited more anterior connectivity for controls and more posterior connectivity for patients, with no differences in the temporal seed. Moreover, the patients' level of basal ganglia atrophy positively correlated with their reliance on M1-posterior connectivity during action-verb processing. PD patients seem to have processed action verbs via non-motor cortical networks subserving amodal semantics. Such circuits may afford alternative pathways to process words when default embodied mechanisms are disturbed. Moreover, the greater the level of basal ganglia atrophy, the greater the patients' reliance on this alternative route. Our findings offer new insights into differential neurofunctional mechanisms recruited to process action semantics in PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1429-1435
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Parkinson's disease
  • language
  • motor cortex
  • semantics

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