Micro and nanostructural properties are believed to play a critical role in the osteoinductive capacity of bioceramic bone scaffolds. Physical characteristics also play an important role for optimum biological performance, including osteoconductivity and strength. In this study microstructural and nano-mechanical properties of a bioceramic bone scaffold were investigated as a function of the sintering temperature in the range of 950-1150 °C, through the use of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and nanoindentation testing. Although the samples presented the same crystallographic phase, an increase in sintering temperature resulted in increased grain size, density and crystallite size. The intrinsic mechanical properties were measured by nanoindentation testing and analyzed with the Oliver-Pharr method. The nanoindentation tests consisted of a series of fourteen partial unload tests (n=14 per treatment) of twelve steps ranging from 1 to 12 mN. Statistically significant increases in hardness and elastic modulus were measured for increasing sintering temperature. These results support the development of clinically successful bioceramic scaffolds with mechanical properties that encourage bone ingrowth and provide structural integrity.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials|
|State||Published - Nov 2011|
- Bone scaffold
- Musculoskeletal injuries