The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is concerned with homomorphisms between two structures. For CSPs with restricted left-hand-side structures, the results of Dalmau, Kolaitis, and Vardi [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, Springer, New York, 2002, pp. 310-326], Grohe [J. ACM, 54 (2007), 1], and Atserias, Bulatov, and Dalmau [Proceedings of the 34th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages and Programming, Springer, New York, 2007, pp. 279-290] establish the precise borderline of polynomial-time solvability (subject to complexity-theoretic assumptions) and of solvability by bounded-consistency algorithms (unconditionally) as bounded treewidth modulo homomorphic equivalence. The general-valued constraint satisfaction problem (VCSP) is a generalization of the CSP concerned with homomorphisms between two valued structures. For VCSPs with restricted left-hand-side valued structures, we establish the precise borderline of polynomial-time solvability (subject to complexity-theoretic assumptions) and of solvability by the kth level of the Sherali-Adams LP hierarchy (unconditionally). We also obtain results on related problems concerned with finding a solution and recognizing the tractable cases; the latter has an application in database theory.
- Sherali-Adams LP relaxation
- fractional homomorphism
- homomorphism problems
- valued constraint satisfaction