The aquaculture supply chain in the time of covid-19 pandemic: Vulnerability, resilience, solutions and priorities at the global scale

M. C. Mangano, M. Berlino, L. Corbari, G. Milisenda, M. Lucchese, S. Terzo, M. Bosch-Belmar, M. S. Azaza, J. M.F. Babarro, R. Bakiu, B. R. Broitman, A. H. Buschmann, R. Christofoletti, Y. Dong, B. Glamuzina, O. Luthman, P. Makridis, A. J.A. Nogueira, M. G. Palomo, R. DineshramP. Sanchez-Jerez, H. Sevgili, M. Troell, K. Y. AbouelFadl, M. N. Azra, P. Britz, E. Carrington, I. Celić, F. Choi, C. Qin, M. A. Dionísio, T. Dobroslavić, P. Galli, D. Giannetto, J. H. Grabowski, B. Helmuth, M. J.H. Lebata-Ramos, P. T. Lim, Y. Liu, S. M. Llorens, S. Mirto, M. Pećarević, C. Pita, N. Ragg, E. Ravagnan, D. Saidi, K. Schultz, M. Shaltout, S. H. Tan, V. Thiyagarajan, G. Sarà

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The COVID-19 global pandemic has had severe, unpredictable and synchronous impacts on all levels of perishable food supply chains (PFSC), across multiple sectors and spatial scales. Aquaculture plays a vital and rapidly expanding role in food security, in some cases overtaking wild caught fisheries in the production of high-quality animal protein in this PFSC. We performed a rapid global assessment to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and related emerging control measures on the aquaculture supply chain. Socio-economic effects of the pandemic were analysed by surveying the perceptions of stakeholders, who were asked to describe potential supply-side disruption, vulnerabilities and resilience patterns along the production pipeline with four main supply chain components: a) hatchery, b) production/processing, c) distribution/logistics and d) market. We also assessed different farming strategies, comparing land- vs. sea-based systems; extensive vs. intensive methods; and with and without integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, IMTA. In addition to evaluating levels and sources of economic distress, interviewees were asked to identify mitigation solutions adopted at local / internal (i.e., farm-site) scales, and to express their preference on national / external scale mitigation measures among a set of a priori options. Survey responses identified the potential causes of disruption, ripple effects, sources of food insecurity, and socio-economic conflicts. They also pointed to various levels of mitigation strategies. The collated evidence represents a first baseline useful to address future disaster-driven responses, to reinforce the resilience of the sector and to facilitate the design reconstruction plans and mitigation measures, such as financial aid strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-110
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Science and Policy
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19 effects
  • Disruption
  • Economic distress
  • Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture
  • Mitigation measures
  • Perishable food supply chain
  • Rapid assessment
  • Stakeholder perceptions


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