The ACS virgo cluster survey. I. Introduction to the survey

Patrick Côté, John P. Blakeslee, Laura Ferrarese, Andrés Jordán, Simona Mei, David Merritt, Miloš Milosavljević, Eric W. Peng, John L. Tonry, Michael J. West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

219 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Virgo Cluster is the dominant mass concentration in the Local Supercluster and the largest collection of elliptical and lenticular galaxies in the nearby universe. In this paper, we present an introduction to the ACS Virgo Cluster Survey: a program to image, in the F475W and F850LP bandpasses (≈Sloan g and z), 100 early-type galaxies in the Virgo Cluster using the Advanced Camera for Surveys on the Hubble Space Telescope. We describe the selection of the program galaxies and their ensemble properties, the choice of filters, the field placement and orientation, the limiting magnitudes of the survey, coordinated parallel observations of 100 "intergalactic" fields with WFPC2, and supporting ground-based spectroscopic observations of the program galaxies. In terms of depth, spatial resolution, sample size, and homogeneity, this represents the most comprehensive imaging survey to date of early-type galaxies in a cluster environment. We briefly describe the main scientific goals of the survey, which include the measurement of luminosities, metallicities, ages, and structural parameters for the many thousands of globular clusters associated with these galaxies, a high-resolution isophotal analysis of galaxies spanning a factor of 450 in luminosity and sharing a common environment, the measurement of accurate distances for the full sample of galaxies using the method of surface brightness fluctuations, and a determination of the three-dimensional structure of Virgo itself.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-242
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume153
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: Clusters: Individual (Virgo)
  • Galaxies: Distances and redshifts
  • Galaxies: Elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: Nuclei
  • Galaxies: Star clusters

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