Testing the metabolic cold adaptation hypothesis: An intraspecific latitudinal comparison in the common woodlouse

Marco A. Lardies, Leonardo D. Bacigalupe, Francisco Bozinovic

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43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The metabolic cold adaptation (MCA) hypothesis predicts an increase in the metabolic rate of ectotherms from cold environments compared with their more temperate counterparts. This adaptive hypothesis is one of the most controversial in physiological ecology, for which the evidence comes principally from the meta-analysis of data sets of arthropods. Important for the study of metabolic cold adaptation are comparisons at a geographic level, especially on a latitudinal scale, because mean annual temperature decreases towards high latitudes. Furthermore, few studies have conducted intraspecific comparisons of metabolic rates along a latitudinal gradient. We tested the MCA hypothesis in the common woodlouse, Porcellio laevis, using different populations along a distributional range with a wide range of mean ambient temperatures (5°, 12°, 18° and 25°C) in Chile. Our results demonstrated that metabolic rate increased towards low latitudes - that is, woodlice from the warmer (i.e. northern) part of the distribution range had markedly higher metabolic rates than those from the cooler (i.e. southern) region, for almost all experimental temperatures. Thus, our results provide direct evidence of intraspecific latitudinal differences in metabolism, rejecting the MCA hypothesis, which is more difficult to resolve with interspecific level comparisons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-578
Number of pages12
JournalEvolutionary Ecology Research
Volume6
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2004

Keywords

  • Latitudinal cline
  • Local adaptation
  • Metabolism
  • Porcellio laevis
  • Temperature

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