Social neuroscience: undoing the schism between neurology and psychiatry

Agustín Ibáñez, Adolfo M. García, Sol Esteves, Adrián Yoris, Edinson Muñoz, Lucila Reynaldo, Marcos Luis Pietto, Federico Adolfi, Facundo Manes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiple disorders once jointly conceived as “nervous diseases” became segregated by the distinct institutional traditions forged in neurology and psychiatry. As a result, each field specialized in the study and treatment of a subset of such conditions. Here we propose new avenues for interdisciplinary interaction through a triangulation of both fields with social neuroscience. To this end, we review evidence from five relevant domains (facial emotion recognition, empathy, theory of mind, moral cognition, and social context assessment), highlighting their common disturbances across neurological and psychiatric conditions and discussing their multiple pathophysiological mechanisms. Our proposal is anchored in multidimensional evidence, including behavioral, neurocognitive, and genetic findings. From a clinical perspective, this work paves the way for dimensional and transdiagnostic approaches, new pharmacological treatments, and educational innovations rooted in a combined neuropsychiatric training. Research-wise, it fosters new models of the social brain and a novel platform to explore the interplay of cognitive and social functions. Finally, we identify new challenges for this synergistic framework.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-39
Number of pages39
JournalSocial Neuroscience
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Social neuroscience
  • neurology
  • neuropsychiatry
  • psychiatry

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