Simultaneous assessment of the effects of an herbicide on the triad: Rhizobacterial community, an herbicide degrading soil bacterium and their plant host

T. Kraiser, M. Stuardo, M. Manzano, T. Ledger, B. González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: This work addresses the relevant effects that one single compound, used as model herbicide, provokes on the activity/survival of a suitable herbicide degrading model bacterium and on a plant that hosts this bacterium and its bacterial rhizospheric community. Methods: The effects of the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), on Acacia caven hosting the 2,4-D degrading bacterium Cupriavidus pinatubonensis JMP134, and its rhizospheric microbiota, were simultaneously addressed in plant soil microcosms, and followed by culture dependent and independent procedures, herbicide removal tests, bioprotection assays and use of encapsulated bacterial cells. Results: The herbicide provokes deleterious effects on the plant, which are significantly diminished by the presence of the plant associated C. pinatubonensis, especially with encapsulated cells. This improvement correlated with increased 2,4-D degradation rates. The herbicide significantly changes the structure of the A. caven bacterial rhizospheric community; and it also diminishes the preference of C. pinatubonensis for the A. caven rhizosphere compared with the surrounding bulk soil. Conclusions: The addition of an herbicide to soil triggers a complex, although more or less predictable, suite of effects on rhizobacterial communities, herbicide degrading bacteria and their plant hosts that should be taken into account in fundamental studies and design of bio(phyto)remediation procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-388
Number of pages12
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume366
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • 2,4-D herbicide
  • Acacia caven
  • Bioremediation
  • Cupriavidus pinatubonensis JMP134
  • Plant soil microcosms
  • Rhizosphere

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