Sand pile as a universal computer

Eric Goles, Maurice Margenstern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


We show that the sand pile model is able to simulate, by specific configurations, logic gates and registers and, therefore any computer program. Further, we give its interpretation in terms of a set of several one-dimensional interacting avalanches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-122
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics C
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Avalanches
  • Program Machine
  • Sand Pile Model
  • Self-Organized Criticality


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