Cupriavidus necator (formerly Ralstonia eutropha) JMP134, harbouring the catabolic plasmid pJP4, is the best-studied 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) herbicide degrading bacterium. A study of the survival and catabolic performance of strain JMP134 in agricultural soil microcosms exposed to high levels of 2,4-D was carried out. When C. necator JMP134 was introduced into soil microcosms, the rate of 2,4-D removal increased only slightly. This correlated with the poor survival of the strain, as judged by 16S rRNA gene terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) profiles, and the semi-quantitative detection of the pJP4-borne tfdA gene sequence, encoding the first step in 2,4-D degradation. After 3 days of incubation in irradiated soil microcosms, the survival of strain JMP134 dramatically improved and the herbicide was completely removed. The introduction of strain JMP134 into native soil microcosms did not produce detectable changes in the structure of the bacterial community, as judged by 16S rRNA gene T-RFLP profiles, but provoked a transient increase of signals putatively corresponding to protozoa, as indicated by 18S rRNA gene T-RFLP profiling. Accordingly, a ciliate able to feed on C. necator JMP134 could be isolated after soil enrichment. In native soil microcosms, C. necator JMP134 survived better than Escherichia coli DH5α (pJP4) and similarly to Pseudomonas putida KT2442 (pJP4), indicating that species specific factors control the survival of strains harbouring pJP4. The addition of cycloheximide to soil microcosms strongly improved survival of these three strains, indicating that the eukaryotic microbiota has a strong negative effect in bioaugmentation with catabolic bacteria.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology|
|State||Published - Feb 2007|
- Ralstonia eutropha JMP134
- tfdA gene