Role of electrolytes on the electrochemical characteristics of Fe3O4/MXene/RGO composites for supercapacitor applications

Thirumurugan Arun, Ankita Mohanty, Andreas Rosenkranz, Bo Wang, Jinhong Yu, Mauricio J. Morel, R. Udayabhaskar, Samuel A. Hevia, Ali Akbari-Fakhrabadi, R. V. Mangalaraja, Ananthakumar Ramadoss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aims at developing hybrid composite materials consisting of iron oxide (Fe3O4) /MXene /reduced graphene oxide (RGO) without any impurities using optimized experimental parameters to be utilized in next-generation supercapacitor applications and the searching of suitable electrolyte for the developed hybrid electrode materials. We have generated Fe3O4-decorated MXene nanosheets on RGO by a simple chemical oxidation method. The initial grain size of Fe3O4 of about 43 nm is further reduced to 30 nm when prepared with MXene nanosheets. The as-prepared samples are used as a negative electrode material and their capacitive performance is analyzed in potassium hydroxide (KOH), sodium sulphate (Na2SO4) and lithium chloride (LiCl) electrolytes. Fe3O4/MXene/RGO nanocomposites showed the best performance. Regarding the electrolytes, the following order has been obtained 5 M LiCl > 1 M Na2SO4 > 1 M KOH, which matches well with the bare ion size order. Moreover, Fe3O4/MXene/RGO electrode exhibits an 82.1% of cyclic stability up to 5000 charge/discharge cycles at a current density of 5 A g-1 demonstrating the best performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137473
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume367
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Capacitance
  • Electrolytes
  • MXene nanosheets
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Supercapacitor

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