Robinson, Rousseau, y Rodríguez: El naufragio de la utopía latin oamericana en La Isla de Robinson de Art uro Uslar Pietri

Tatiana Calderón Le Joliff, Juan Manuel Fierro Bustos

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This article seeks to expose the bonds between the mythical and fictional character Robinson Crusoe, the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and the utopian educator Simón Rodríguez in the historical novel La Isla de Robinson (1981) de Arturo Uslar Pietri. The story explores the process of Latin American independence in the 19th century through the character of Simon Rodríguez, Simón Bolívar's private tutor, transformed in Samuel Robinson for 26 years. First, we'll approach, from a mythocritical perspective, the emergence of Robinson's figure in the tale of the Latin American writer and its impact on the "Latin American identity" issue. Then, we'll study the characteristics of the education project of Rodríguez in the historical novel. Finally, we'll focus on the subversion of the mythical figure of Robinson Crusoe in this Latin American utopian discourse.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)5-34
Number of pages30
JournalRevista Chilena de Literatura
Issue number83
StatePublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

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