Resolved images of the protoplanetary disk around HD 100546 with ALMA

Jaime E. Pineda, Sascha P. Quanz, Farzana Meru, Gijs D. Mulders, Michael R. Meyer, Olja Panić, Henning Avenhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The disk around the Herbig Ae/Be star HD 100546 has been extensively studied and it is one of the systems for which there are observational indications of ongoing and/or recent planet formation. However, up until now, no resolved image of the millimeter dust emission or the gas has been published. We present the first resolved images of the disk around HD 100546 obtained in Band 7 with the ALMA observatory. The CO (3-2) image reveals a gas disk that extends out to 350 au radius at the 3σ level. Surprisingly, the 870 μm dust continuum emission is compact (radius <60 au) and asymmetric. The dust emission is well matched by a truncated disk with an outer radius of 50 au. The lack of millimeter-sized particles outside 60 au is consistent with radial drift of particles of this size. The protoplanet candidate, identified in previous high-contrast NACO/VLT L′ observations, could be related to the sharp outer edge of the millimeter-sized particles. Future higher angular resolution ALMA observations are needed to determine the detailed properties of the millimeter emission and the gas kinematics in the inner region (<2″). Such observations could also reveal the presence of a planet through the detection of circumplanetary disk material.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL34
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume788
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • planet-disk interactions
  • protoplanetary disks
  • stars: formation
  • stars: individual (HD 100546)
  • stars: pre-main sequence
  • techniques: interferometric

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