Polymeric Composites: A Promising Tool for Enhancing Photosyntheticy Efficiency of Crops

Irsad, Neetu Talreja, Divya Chauhan, R. V. Mangalaraja, Parvez Qamar Rizvi, Mohammad Ashfaq

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The demand for food continuously increased with increasing the population globally. Significant effort has been made to improve the productivity of the crops using genetic engineering, breeding, and improving agriculture practices. Usually, crops can absorb and use light to provide nutrition to crops. However, the negative impact of climate changes on agriculture remains a concern. In this context, emerging nanomaterials might be a strategic tool that increases the use of the light source. Carbon-based nanomaterials (CBNMs), mainly carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanofibers (CNFs), graphene, graphene oxide (GO), and fullerenes, are extensively used for improving the yield of crops (plant growth and development) by increasing photosynthetic efficiency. Moreover, incorporating metal and polymers within the CBNMs might improve photosynthetic efficiency, thereby developing and growing the crops. It is considered a unique tool in improving the nutrient uptake and translocation to achieve proper growth of plants in agroecosystem and potential application in crop improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMetabolic Engineering in Plants
PublisherSpringer Nature
Pages341-357
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9789811672620
ISBN (Print)9789811672613
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CNTs
  • Crop production
  • Food security
  • Nanotechnology
  • Plant health

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