On modeling positive continuous data with spatiotemporal dependence

Moreno Bevilacqua, Christian Caamaño-Carrillo, Carlo Gaetan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, we concentrate on an alternative modeling strategy for positive data that exhibit spatial or spatiotemporal dependence. Specifically, we propose to consider stochastic processes obtained through a monotone transformation of scaled version of χ2 random processes. The latter is well known in the specialized literature and originates by summing independent copies of a squared Gaussian process. However, their use as stochastic models and related inference has not been much considered. Motivated by a spatiotemporal analysis of wind speed data from a network of meteorological stations in the Netherlands, we exemplify our modeling strategy by means of a nonstationary process with Weibull marginal distributions. For the proposed Weibull process we study the second-order and geometrical properties and we provide analytic expressions for the bivariate distribution. Since the likelihood is intractable, even for a relatively small data set, we suggest adopting the pairwise likelihood as a tool for inference. Moreover, we tackle the prediction problem and we propose to use a linear prediction. The effectiveness of our modeling strategy is illustrated by analyzing the aforementioned Netherland wind speed data that we integrate with a simulation study. The proposed method is implemented in the R package GeoModels.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2632
JournalEnvironmetrics
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • copula
  • linear prediction
  • non-Gaussian data
  • pairwise likelihood
  • regression model
  • wind speed data

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