Multiscale entropy analysis of retinal signals reveals reduced complexity in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease

Joaquín Araya-Arriagada, Sebastián Garay, Cristóbal Rojas, Claudia Duran-Aniotz, Adrián G. Palacios, Max Chacón, Leonel E. Medina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most significant health challenges of our time, affecting a growing number of the elderly population. In recent years, the retina has received increased attention as a candidate for AD biomarkers since it appears to manifest the pathological signatures of the disease. Therefore, its electrical activity may hint at AD-related physiological changes. However, it is unclear how AD affects retinal electrophysiology and what tools are more appropriate to detect these possible changes. In this study, we used entropy tools to estimate the complexity of the dynamics of healthy and diseased retinas at different ages. We recorded microelectroretinogram responses to visual stimuli of different nature from retinas of young and adult, wild-type and 5xFAD—an animal model of AD—mice. To estimate the complexity of signals, we used the multiscale entropy approach, which calculates the entropy at several time scales using a coarse graining procedure. We found that young retinas had more complex responses to different visual stimuli. Further, the responses of young, wild-type retinas to natural-like stimuli exhibited significantly higher complexity than young, 5xFAD retinas. Our findings support a theory of complexity-loss with aging and disease and can have significant implications for early AD diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8900
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes


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