Microwave accelerated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoplates and their enhanced photocatalytic activity under UV and solar illuminations

S. Anas, S. Rahul, K. B. Babitha, R. V. Mangalaraja, S. Ananthakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Photoactive zinc based nanoplates were developed through a rapid microwave synthesis. A low temperature thermolysis reaction in a surfactant medium was initially performed for producing microwave active zinc based polar precursors. Using these precursors, the zinc oxide nanopowder having platelet morphologies were prepared. The nanoplatelets exhibited random growth with non-polar (1 0 1) surface as the major growth plane. The structural and functional features of the resultant zinc oxide samples were monitored using XRD, FTIR, TEM and PL. The photocatalytic activities of the samples were investigated through the standard photoreduction kinetics using the methylene blue dye. The catalytic efficiencies of the samples were checked both under UV and sunlight. A comparative study was also performed with the standard TiO 2 sample. The analyses revealed that the microwave derived zinc oxide have higher catalytic efficiency, than the standard titania samples, both under UV and sunlight illuminations. The unique nature of the zinc oxide non-polar surfaces can be attributed due to the presence of more active two dimensional open surfaces and the higher content of oxygen defect concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-103
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume355
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Microwave synthesis
  • Nanoplates
  • Oxygen defects
  • Photocatalysis
  • Polarity
  • Zinc oxide

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