Magnetic monopole polarons in artificial spin ices

Gia Wei Chern, Paula Mellado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Emergent quasiparticles that arise from the fractionalization of the microscopic degrees of freedom have been one of the central themes in modern condensed-matter physics. The notion of magnetic monopoles, freely moving quasiparticles fragmented from local dipole excitations, has enjoyed much success in understanding the thermodynamic, static, and transport properties of the so-called spin-ice materials. The artificial version of spin ice, where a lattice of nanoscale magnetic dipoles is sculpted out of a ferromagnetic film, provides a unique opportunity to study these unusual quasiparticles in a material-by-design approach. Here we show that the elementary excitations in the ice phase of a nano-magnetic array arranged in the pentagonal lattice are composite objects comprised of the emergent monopole and a surrounding cloud of opposite uncompensated magnetic charges.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37004
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2016


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