La agricultura y la élite agraria Chilena a través de los catastros agrícolas, c.1830-1855

Manuel Llorca-Jaña, Claudio Robles Ortiz, Juan Navarrete-Montalvo, Roberto Araya Valenzuela

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Abstract

This article assesses the state of the agrarian sector and the composition of the Chilean agrarian elite during the first half of the nineteenth century, a rather unexplored period in Chile's agrarian historiography. We have used several untapped sources such as the Catastro Agrícola and El Agricultor. From the former we have built and processed a half a million records database. From the former we have built and processed a database consisting of half a million records from the first three agricultural censuses of 1832, 1838 and 1852. We have explained why the agricultural sector was so backwards in Chile, while also established a very unequal distribution of both land tenure and agricultural income. Finally, our results show a great persistence within the composition of the agrarian elites between late colonial times and the first decades of republican Chile, as well as a significant correlation between the large landowners with highest agricultural income and the political elite.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)597-639
Number of pages43
JournalHistoria (Chile)
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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