Kernelized Stein discrepancy tests of goodness-of-fit for time-to-event data

Tamara Fernández, Nicolás Rivera, Wenkai Xu, Arthur Gretton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Survival Analysis and Reliability Theory are concerned with the analysis of time-to-event data, in which observations correspond to waiting times until an event of interest such as death from a particular disease or failure of a component in a mechanical system. This type of data is unique due to the presence of censoring, a type of missing data that occurs when we do not observe the actual time of the event of interest but, instead, we have access to an approximation for it given by random interval in which the observation is known to belong. Most traditional methods are not designed to deal with censoring, and thus we need to adapt them to censored time-to-event data. In this paper, we focus on non-parametric goodness-of-fit testing procedures based on combining the Stein's method and kernelized discrepancies. While for uncensored data, there is a natural way of implementing a kernelized Stein discrepancy test, for censored data there are several options, each of them with different advantages and disadvantages. In this paper, we propose a collection of kernelized Stein discrepancy tests for time-to-event data, and we study each of them theoretically and empirically; our experimental results show that our proposed methods perform better than existing tests, including previous tests based on a kernelized maximum mean discrepancy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication37th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2020
EditorsHal Daume, Aarti Singh
PublisherInternational Machine Learning Society (IMLS)
Pages3093-3103
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781713821120
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event37th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 13 Jul 202018 Jul 2020

Publication series

Name37th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2020
VolumePartF168147-4

Conference

Conference37th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period13/07/2018/07/20

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