Is the CANON reactor an alternative for nitrogen removal from pre-treated swine slurry?

Mónica Figueroa, Jose Ramón Vázquez-Padín, Anuska Mosquera-Corral, Jose Luis Campos, Ramón Méndez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


The use of the completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON) process as a post-treatment for nitrogen removal from anaerobically pre-treated swine slurry is studied in the present work. The ammonium removal, under oxygen-limited conditions, in a system with anammox bacteria mainly in the form of granules and aerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria mainly as dispersed biomass was researched in an air pulsing sequencing batch reactor operated at room temperature. The achieved nitrogen removal rate was of 0.46kgN/(m 3d) treating 300mg NH 4 +-N/L with values of nitrogen removal efficiencies around 75%.The presence of slowly or non-biodegradable organic matter (from 260 to 45. mg. COD/L) did not affect the operation of the process. By means of the FISH technique, Nitrosomonas were detected as the majority of ammonia oxidizing bacteria in the sample, and Candidatus " Brocadia fulgida" and Candidatus " Brocadia anammoxidans" as the anammox bacteria.The comparison of this aerobic process with other post-treatments for effluents from anaerobic digesters showed that the CANON process is a promising alternative to remove nitrogen from effluents generated in pig farms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Anammox
  • Nitrogen removal
  • Pulsing sequencing batch reactor
  • Swine slurry


Dive into the research topics of 'Is the CANON reactor an alternative for nitrogen removal from pre-treated swine slurry?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this