Inequality at low levels of aggregation in Chile

Claudio A. Agostini, Philip H. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Despite success in poverty reduction, inequality in Chile has remained virtually unchanged over the last 20 years. High levels of inequality have been shown to hamper further reductions in poverty as well as economic growth, and local inequality has been shown to affect such outcomes as violence and health. The study of inequality at the local level is thus crucial for understanding the economic wellbeing of a country. Local measures of inequality have been difficult to obtain, but recent theoretical advances have enabled the combination of survey and census data to generate estimates of inequality that are robust at disaggregated geographic levels. We employ this methodology to produce consistent and precise estimates of inequality for every county in Chile. We find considerable heterogeneity in county-level estimates of inequality, with Gini coefficients ranging from 0.41 to 0.64.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-226
Number of pages14
JournalReview of Development Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes


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