Indications of the formation of an oversaturated solid solution during hydrogenation of Mg-Ni based nanocomposite produced by mechanical alloying

D. Guzmán, S. Ordoñez, J. F. Fernández, C. Sánchez, D. Serafini, P. A. Rojas, C. Aguilar

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

An oversaturated solid solution of H in a nanocomposite material formed mainly by nanocrystalline Mg2Ni, some residual nanocrystalline Ni and an Mg rich amorphous phase has been found for the first time. The nanocomposite was produced by mechanical alloying starting from Mg and Ni elemental powders, using a SPEX 8000D mill. The hydriding characterization of the nanocomposite was carried out by solid-gas reaction method in a Sievert's type apparatus. The maximum hydrogen content reached in a period of 21 Ks without prior activation was 2.00 wt.% H under hydrogen pressure of 2 MPa at 363 K. The X-ray diffraction analysis showed the presence of an oversaturated solid solution between nanocrystalline Mg2Ni and H without any sign of Mg2NiH4 hydride formation. The dehydriding behaviour was studied by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry. The results showed the existence of two desorption peaks, the first one associated with the transformation of the oversaturated solid solution into Mg2NiH4, and the second one with the Mg2NiH4 desorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5429-5438
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume34
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Hydrogen absorbing materials
  • Mechanical alloying
  • Nanostructured materials
  • Thermal analysis
  • X-ray diffraction

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