Highly sensitive and selective detection of glutathione using ultrasonic aided synthesis of graphene quantum dots embedded over amine-functionalized silica nanoparticles

Reshma Kaimal, Victor Vinoth, Amol Shrikrishna Salunke, Héctor Valdés, Ramalinga Viswanathan Mangalaraja, Belqasem Aljafari, Sambandam Anandan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glutathione (GSH) is the most abundant antioxidant in the majority of cells and tissues; and its use as a biomarker has been known for decades. In this study, a facile electrochemical method was developed for glutathione sensing using voltammetry and amperometry analyses. In this study, a novel glassy carbon electrode composed of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) embedded on amine-functionalized silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) was synthesized. GQDs embedded on amine-functionalized SiNPs were physical-chemically characterized by different techniques that included high resolution-transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), UV–visible spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Raman spectroscopy. The newly developed electrode exhibits a good response to glutathione with a wide linear range (0.5–7 µM) and a low detection limit (0.5 µM) with high sensitivity(2.64 µA µM−1). The fabricated GQDs-SiNPs/GC electrode shows highly attractive electrocatalytic activity towards glutathione detection in the neutral media at low potential due to a synergistic surface effect caused by the incorporation of GQDs over SiNPs. It leads to higher surface area and conductivity, improving electron transfer and promoting redox reactions. Besides, it provides outstanding selectivity, reproducibility, long-term stability, and can be used in the presence of interferences typically found in real sample analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105868
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Volume82
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amperometry
  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Glutathione
  • Graphene quantum dots
  • Silica nanoparticles

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