HD95881: A gas rich to gas poor transition disk?

A. P. Verhoeff, M. Min, B. Acke, R. Van Boekel, E. Pantin, L. B.F.M. Waters, A. G.G.M. Tielens, M. E. Van Den Ancker, G. D. Mulders, A. De Koter, J. Bouwman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context. Based on the far infrared excess the Herbig class of stars is divided into a group with flaring circumstellar disks (group I) and a group with flat circumstellar disks (group II). Dust sedimentation is generally proposed as an evolution mechanism to transform flaring disks into flat disks. Theory predicts that during this process the disks preserve their gas content, however observations of group II Herbig Ae stars demonstrate a lack of gas. Aims. We map the spatial distribution of the gas and dust around the group II Herbig Ae star HD‰95881. Methods. We analyze optical photometry, Q-band imaging, infrared spectroscopy, and K and N-band interferometric spectroscopy. We use a Monte Carlo radiative transfer code to create a model for the density and temperature structure which quite accurately reproduces all the observables. Results. We derive a consistent picture in which the disk consists of a thick puffed up inner rim and an outer region which has a flaring gas surface and is relatively void of "visible" dust grains. Conclusions. HD‰95881 is in a transition phase from a gas rich flaring disk to a gas poor self-shadowed disk.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA48
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume516
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • infrared: stars
  • stars: planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
  • stars: pre-main sequence

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