HATS-47b, HATS-48Ab, HATS-49b, and HATS-72b: Four Warm Giant Planets Transiting K Dwarfs

J. D. Hartman, Andrés Jordán, D. Bayliss, G. A. Bakos, J. Bento, W. Bhatti, R. Brahm, Z. Csubry, N. Espinoza, Th Henning, L. Mancini, K. Penev, M. Rabus, P. Sarkis, V. Suc, M. De Val-Borro, G. Zhou, J. D. Crane, S. Shectman, J. K. TeskeS. X. Wang, R. P. Butler, J. Lázár, I. Papp, P. Sári, D. R. Anderson, C. Hellier, R. G. West, K. Barkaoui, F. J. Pozuelos, E. Jehin, M. Gillon, L. Nielsen, M. Lendl, S. Udry, George R. Ricker, Roland Vanderspek, David W. Latham, S. Seager, Joshua N. Winn, Jessie Christiansen, Ian J.M. Crossfield, Christopher E. Henze, Jon M. Jenkins, Jeffrey C. Smith, Eric B. Ting

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We report the discovery of four transiting giant planets around K dwarfs. The planets HATS-47b, HATS-48Ab, HATS- 49b, and HATS-72b have masses of 0.369-0.021+0.031MJ, 0.243-0.030+0.022 MJ, 0.353-0.027+0.038 MJ, and 0.1254 ± 0.0039 MJ, respectively, and radii of 1.117 ± 0.014 RJ, 0.800 ± 0.015 RJ, 0.765 ± 0.013 RJ, and 0.7224 ± 0.0032 RJ, respectively. The planets orbit close to their host stars with orbital periods of 3.9228 days, 3.1317 days, 4.1480 days, and 7.3279 days, respectively. The hosts are main-sequence K dwarfs with masses of 0.674-0.012+0.016 M, 0.7279 ± 0.0066 M, 0.7133 ± 0.0075 M, and 0.7311 ± 0.0028, and with V-band magnitudes of V = 14.829 ± 0.010, 14.35 ± 0.11, 14.998 ± 0.040 and 12.469 ± 0.010. The super-Neptune HATS-72b (a.k.a. WASP-191b and TOI 294.01) was independently identified as a transiting planet candidate by the HATSouth, WASP, and TESS surveys, and we present a combined analysis of all of the data gathered by each of these projects (and their follow-up programs). An exceptionally precise mass is measured for HATS-72b thanks to high-precision radial velocity (RV) measurements obtained with VLT/ESPRESSO, FEROS, HARPS, and Magellan/PFS. We also incorporate TESS observations of the warm Saturn-hosting systems HATS-47 (a.k.a. TOI 1073.01), HATS-48A, and HATS-49. HATS-47 was independently identified as a candidate by the TESS team, while the other two systems were not previously identified from the TESS data. The RV orbital variations are measured for these systems using Magellan/PFS. HATS-48A has a resolved 5′.4 neighbor in Gaia DR2, which is a common-proper-motion binary star companion to HATS-48A with a mass of 0.22 M and a current projected physical separation of ∼1400 au.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberab7821
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


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