TY - JOUR

T1 - Gamma distribution function to understand anaerobic digestion kinetics

T2 - Kinetic constants are not constant

AU - Da Silva, C.

AU - Peces, M.

AU - Faundez, M.

AU - Hansen, H.

AU - Campos, J. L.

AU - Dosta, J.

AU - Astals, S.

N1 - Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities ( PID2019-111284RB-I00 ). Cristopher da Silva is grateful to the Generalitat de Catalunya for his FI-SDUR grant ( 2020 FISDU 00554 ). Sergi Astals is grateful to the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities for his Ramon y Cajal fellowship ( RYC-2017-22372 ). Jose Luis Campos is grateful to the Chilean Government for the Projects ANID/FONDECYT/1200850 and CRHIAM Centre grant number ANID/FONDAP/15130015 . Finally, the authors would like to thank the Catalan Government for the quality accreditation given to the Environmental Biotechnology research group (2017 SGR 1218).
Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

PY - 2022/11

Y1 - 2022/11

N2 - The Gamma model is a novel approach to characterise the complex degradation dynamics taking place during anaerobic digestion. This three parameters model results from combining the first-order kinetic model and the Gamma distribution function. In contrast to conventional models, where the kinetic constant is considered invariant, the Gamma model allows analysing the variability of the kinetic constant using a probability density function. The kinetic constant of mono-digestion and co-digestion batch tests of different wastes were modelled using the Gamma model and two common first-order models: one-step one-fraction model and one-step two-fraction model. The Gamma distribution function approximates three distinct probability density functions, i.e. exponential, log-normal, and delta Dirac. Specifically, (i) cattle paunch and pig manure approximated a log-normal distribution; (ii) cattle manure and microalgae approximated an exponential distribution, and (iii) primary sludge and cellulose approximated a delta Dirac distribution. The Gamma model was able to characterise two distinct waste activated sludge, one approximated to a log-normal distribution and the other to an exponential distribution. The same cellulose was tested with two different inocula; in both tests, the Gamma distribution function approximated a delta Dirac function but with a different kinetic value. The potential and consistency of Gamma model were also evident when analysing pig manure and microalgae co-digestion batch tests since (i) the mean k of the co-digestion tests were within the values of the mono-digestion tests, and (ii) the profile of the density function transitioned from log-normal to exponential distribution as the percentage of microalgae in the mixture increased.

AB - The Gamma model is a novel approach to characterise the complex degradation dynamics taking place during anaerobic digestion. This three parameters model results from combining the first-order kinetic model and the Gamma distribution function. In contrast to conventional models, where the kinetic constant is considered invariant, the Gamma model allows analysing the variability of the kinetic constant using a probability density function. The kinetic constant of mono-digestion and co-digestion batch tests of different wastes were modelled using the Gamma model and two common first-order models: one-step one-fraction model and one-step two-fraction model. The Gamma distribution function approximates three distinct probability density functions, i.e. exponential, log-normal, and delta Dirac. Specifically, (i) cattle paunch and pig manure approximated a log-normal distribution; (ii) cattle manure and microalgae approximated an exponential distribution, and (iii) primary sludge and cellulose approximated a delta Dirac distribution. The Gamma model was able to characterise two distinct waste activated sludge, one approximated to a log-normal distribution and the other to an exponential distribution. The same cellulose was tested with two different inocula; in both tests, the Gamma distribution function approximated a delta Dirac function but with a different kinetic value. The potential and consistency of Gamma model were also evident when analysing pig manure and microalgae co-digestion batch tests since (i) the mean k of the co-digestion tests were within the values of the mono-digestion tests, and (ii) the profile of the density function transitioned from log-normal to exponential distribution as the percentage of microalgae in the mixture increased.

KW - Anaerobic co-digestion

KW - Anaerobic digestion

KW - First-order kinetics

KW - Gamma distribution

KW - Modelling

KW - Statistical analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85133676831&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.135579

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.135579

M3 - Article

C2 - 35792215

AN - SCOPUS:85133676831

SN - 0045-6535

VL - 306

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

M1 - 135579

ER -