Exploring the Role of Sampling Time in String Stabilization for Platooning: An Experimental Case Study

Felipe I. Villenas, Francisco J. Vargas, Andrés A. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article, we investigate the behavior of vehicle platoons operating in a predecessor-following configuration, implemented through sampled-data control systems. Our primary focus is to examine the potential influence of the sampling time on the string stability of the platoon. To address this, we begin by designing a string-stable platoon in continuous time. Subsequently, we consider the controller discretization process and proceed to simulate and implement the designed control strategy on an experimental platform at a scaled-down level. Through experimental testing and some theoretical results, we analyze the effects of different sampling times on the string stability performance of the platoon. We observe that an inappropriate selection of the sampling time can lead to a degradation in string stability within the platoon, making the choice of the sampling time crucial in maintaining the desired string stability properties. These findings highlight the importance of carefully considering the sampling time in the implementation of control systems for platooning applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2923
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • discrete time
  • sampled-data systems
  • string stability
  • vehicle platoon


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