Exploring the Dynamics of Fungal Cellular Automata

Carlos Sepúlveda, Eric Goles, Martín Ríos-Wilson, Andrew Adamatzky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cells in a fungal hyphae are separated by internal walls (septa). The septa have tiny pores that allow cytoplasm flowing between cells. Cells can close their septa blocking the flow if they are injured, preventing fluid loss from the rest of filament. This action is achieved by spe-cial organelles called Woronin bodies. Using the controllable pores as an inspiration we advance one and two-dimensional cellular automata into Elementary fungal cellular automata (EFCA) and Majority fungal automata (MFA) by adding a concept of Woronin bodies to the cell state transition rules. EFCA is a cellular automaton where the communications between neighboring cells can be blocked by the activation of the Woronin bodies (Wb), allowing or blocking the flow of information (represented by a cytoplasm and chemical elements it carries) between them. We explore a novel version of the fungal automata where the evolution of the system is only affected by the activation of the Wb. We explore two case studies: the Elementary Fungal Cellular Automata (EFCA), which is a direct application of this variant for elementary cellular automata rules, and the Majority Fungal Automata (MFA), which correspond to an application of the Wb to two dimensional automaton with majority rule with Von Neumann neighborhood. By studying the EFCA model, we analyze how the 256 elementary cellular automata rules are affected by the activation of Wb in different modes, increasing the complexity on applied rule in some cases. Also we explore how a consensus over MFA is affected when the continuous flow of information is interrupted due to the activation of Woronin bodies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-144
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Unconventional Computing
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • cellular automata
  • complex systems
  • discrete dynamical systems
  • unconventional computing


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