Enhanced ammonia removal at room temperature by pH controlled partial nitrification and subsequent anaerobic ammonium oxidation

U. Durán, A. Val Del Río, J. L. Campos, A. Mosquera-Corral, R. Méndez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Anammox-based processes are suitable for the treatment of wastewaters characterized by a low carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio. The application of the Anammox process requires the availability of an effluent with a NO 2- N/NH 4+ N ratio composition around 1 g g-1, which involves the necessity of a previous step where the partial nitrification is performed. In this step, the inhibition of the nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) is crucial. In the present work, a combined partial nitrification-ANaerobic AMmonia OXidation (Anammox) two-units system operated at room temperature (20°C) has been tested for the nitrogen removal of pre-treated pig slurry. To achieve the successful partial nitrification and inhibit the NOB activity, different ammonium/inorganic carbon (NH 4+/IC) ratios were assayed from 1.19 to 0.82 g NH 4+-N g-1 HCO3 C. This procedure provoked a decrease of the pH value to 6.0 to regulate the inhibitory effect over ammonia-oxidizing bacteria caused by free ammonia. Simultaneously, the NOB experienced the inhibitory effect of free nitrous acid which avoided the presence of nitrate in the effluent. The NH 4+/IC ratio which allowed the obtaining of the desired effluent composition (50% of both ammonium and nitrite) was 0.82±0.02 g NH 4+ N g-1 HCO 3 - C. The Anammox reactor was fed with the effluent of the partial nitrification unit containing a NO 2- N/NH 4+ N ratio of 1 g g-1 where a nitrogen loading rate of 0.1 g N L-1 d -1 was efficiently removed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Technology (United Kingdom)
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ammonium/inorganic carbon ratio
  • Anammox
  • Free ammonia
  • Free nitrous acid
  • Partial nitrification

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