Effects of inoculum type and aeration flowrate on the performance of aerobic granular sbrs

Mariele K. Jungles, Ángeles Val del Río, Anuska Mosquera-Corral, José Luis Campos, Ramón Méndez, Rejane H.R. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Aerobic granular sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) are usually inoculated with activated sludge which implies sometimes long start-up periods and high solids concentrations in the effluent due to the initial wash-out of the inoculum. In this work, the use of aerobic mature granules as inoculum in order to improve the start-up period was tested, but no clear differences were observed compared to a reactor inoculated with activated sludge. The effect of the aeration rate on both physical properties of granules and reactor performance was also studied in a stable aerobic granular SBR. The increase of the aeration flow rate caused the decrease of the average diameter of the granules. This fact enhanced the COD and ammonia consumption rates due to the increase of the DO level and the aerobic fraction of the biomass. However, it provoked a loss of the nitrogen removal efficiency due to the worsening of the denitrification capacity as a consequence of a higher aerobic fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number41
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Aeration flowrate
  • Aerobic granules
  • Inoculum
  • Sequencing batch reactor
  • Wastewater


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