Direct replacement of antibodies with molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles in ELISA - Development of a novel assay for vancomycin

Iva Chianella, Antonio Guerreiro, Ewa Moczko, J. Sarah Caygill, Elena V. Piletska, Isabel M.Perez De Vargas Sansalvador, Michael J. Whitcombe, Sergey A. Piletsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

164 Scopus citations

Abstract

A simple and straightforward technique for coating microplate wells with molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (nanoMIPs) to develop assays similar to the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is presented here for the first time. NanoMIPs were synthesized by a solid-phase approach with an immobilized vancomycin (template) and characterized using Biacore 3000, dynamic light scattering, and electron microscopy. Immobilization, blocking, and washing conditions were optimized in microplate format. The detection of vancomycin was achieved in competitive binding experiments with a horseradish peroxidase-vancomycin conjugate. The assay was capable of measuring vancomycin in buffer and in blood plasma within the range of 0.001-70 nM with a detection limit of 0.0025 nM (2.5 pM). The sensitivity of the assay was 3 orders of magnitude better than a previously described ELISA based on antibodies. In these experiments, nanoMIPs have shown high affinity and minimal interference from blood plasma components. Immobilized nanoMIPs were stored for 1 month at room temperature without any detrimental effects to their binding properties. The high affinity of nanoMIPs and the lack of a requirement for cold chain logistics make them an attractive alternative to traditional antibodies used in ELISA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8462-8468
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume85
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

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