Current Progress of Efficient Active Layers for Organic, Chalcogenide and Perovskite-Based Solar Cells: A Perspective

Francisca Werlinger, Camilo Segura, Javier Martínez, Igor Osorio-Roman, Danilo Jara, Seog Joon Yoon, Andrés Fabián Gualdrón-Reyes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Photovoltaics has become one of the emerging alternatives to progressively supply/replace conventional energy sources, considering the potential exploitation of solar energy. Depending on the nature of the light harvester to influence on its light-absorption capability and the facility to produce electricity, different generations of solar devices have been fabricated. Early studies of organic molecules (dye sensitizers) with good absorption coefficients, going through metal chalcogenides and, lastly, the timely emergence of halide perovskites, have promoted the development of novel and low-cost solar cells with promising photoconversion efficiency (PCE), close to the well-established Si-based devices. However, main drawbacks such as the degradation/photocorrosion of the active layer, the existence of intrinsic defect sites, and the inherent toxicity of the material due to the presence of some harmful elements have blocked the future commercialization of the above kind of solar cells. In this review, we highlight the current progress in achieving efficient photomaterials for organic, chalcogenides and halide perovskites-based solar cells with the purpose of achieving high PCE values, some of which are breakthroughs in this research topic, and the diverse approaches used to extend the stability of the active layer and improve the performance of the solar devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5868
JournalEnergies
Volume16
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • active layer
  • light harvesting
  • metal chalcogenides
  • metal halide perovskites
  • organic molecules

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