Charge-transfer insulation in twisted bilayer graphene

Louk Rademaker, Paula Mellado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


We studied the real-space structure of states in twisted bilayer graphene at the magic angle θ=1.08?. The flat bands close to charge neutrality are composed of a mix of "ring" and "center" orbitals around the AA stacking region. An effective model with localized orbitals is constructed which necessarily includes more than just the four flat bands. Long-range Coulomb interaction causes a charge transfer at half filling of the flat bands from the center to the ring orbitals. Consequently, the Mott phase is a featureless spin-singlet paramagnet. We estimate the effective Heisenberg coupling that favors the singlet coupling to be J=3.3 K, consistent with experimental values. The superconducting state depends on the nature of the dopants: hole-doping yields (p+ip)-wave, whereas electron-doping yields (d+id)-wave pairing symmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235158
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number23
StatePublished - 26 Dec 2018


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