Biosensor employing screen-printed PEDOT:PSS for sensitive detection of phenolic compounds in water

Ewa Moczko, Georges Istamboulie, Carole Calas-Blanchard, Regis Rouillon, Thierry Noguer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) and its derivatives are relatively new, and unique members of conducting-polymers family. In this article, we present an approach for simple, reliable and cost-efficient electrochemical biosensor for real-time detection and quantification of phenolic compounds (PhCs). The PEDOT:poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) polymer, directly screen-printed on the surface of the working electrode, was shown to act as an effective electrical conductor but also as an efficient redox mediator. It has also been found suitable for the reduction of quinone ions at low reducing potentials, close to 0 V versus Ag/AgCl, thus minimizing interferences due to other electroactive species present in real samples. Based on these properties, a biosensor based on tyrosinase immobilized on PEDOT:PSS-modified electrodes was developed allowing the detection of PhCs in surface waters. The biosensor displayed very good performance in terms of sensitivity, detection limit and linear range. Assays using surface water previously spiked with bisphenol A showed that the biosensor was able to detect PhCs in real conditions with no matrix effect. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2012 This work presents a new application of PEDOT:PSS as an electrochemical mediator for the detection of quinonic compounds. It has also been found suitable for the reduction of quinones at very low potential, near 0 V versus Ag/AgCl, allowing minimizing nonspecific responses related to interfering compounds. The enzyme tyrosinase has been immobilized on the developed sensors to design a biosensor for the detection of phenolic compounds in water. The biosensor has been used for the effective detection of bisphenol A in surface waters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2286-2292
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume50
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biosensor
  • conducting polymer
  • phenolic compounds
  • poly(3,4- ethylenedioxythiophene)
  • tyrosinase

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