Architectural ornament: Timescapes

Carlos Bañón, Félix Raspall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This chapter analyzes how 3D Printing technologies enable complex geometry projects with an intricate ornamental quality. It speculates about the disciplinary motivations for formal search and the technical aspects such as detail resolution, build volume, speed, cost, and assembly of complex projects. AirLab’s built project Timescapes, a 113 m2 pavilion, is analyzed in detail, demonstrating innovations in design, manufacturing, and assembly workflows, as well as the essential challenges and limitations of 3D Printing for freeform ornamental architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringerBriefs in Architectural Design and Technology
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameSpringerBriefs in Architectural Design and Technology
ISSN (Print)2199-580X
ISSN (Electronic)2199-5818


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Algorithmic patterns
  • Architectural ornament
  • Complex geometry
  • Digital design


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