ACCESS, LRG-BEASTS, and MOPSS: Featureless Optical Transmission Spectra of WASP-25b and WASP-124b

Chima D. McGruder, Mercedes López-Morales, James Kirk, Benjamin V. Rackham, Erin May, Eva Maria Ahrer, George W. King, Munazza K. Alam, Natalie H. Allen, Kevin Ortiz Ceballos, Néstor Espinoza, Tyler Gardner, Andrés Jordán, Kelly Meyer, John D. Monnier, David J. Osip, Peter J. Wheatley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present new optical transmission spectra for two hot Jupiters: WASP-25b (M = 0.56 M J ; R = 1.23 R J ; P = 3.76 days) and WASP-124b (M = 0.58 M J ; R = 1.34 R J ; P = 3.37 days), with wavelength coverages of 4200-9100 Å and 4570-9940 Å, respectively. These spectra are from the ESO Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera (v.2) mounted on the New Technology Telescope and Inamori-Magellan Areal Camera & Spectrograph on Magellan Baade. No strong spectral features were found in either spectra, with the data probing 4 and 6 scale heights, respectively. Exoretrievals and PLATON retrievals favor stellar activity for WASP-25b, while the data for WASP-124b did not favor one model over another. For both planets the retrievals found a wide range in the depths where the atmosphere could be optically thick (∼0.4 μ-0.2 bars for WASP-25b and 1.6 μ-32 bars for WASP-124b) and recovered a temperature that is consistent with the planets’ equilibrium temperatures, but with wide uncertainties (up to ±430 K). For WASP-25b, the models also favor stellar spots that are ∼500-3000 K cooler than the surrounding photosphere. The fairly weak constraints on parameters are owing to the relatively low precision of the data, with an average precision of 840 and 1240 ppm per bin for WASP-25b and WASP-124b, respectively. However, some contribution might still be due to an inherent absence of absorption or scattering in the planets’ upper atmospheres, possibly because of aerosols. We attempt to fit the strength of the sodium signals to the aerosol-metallicity trend proposed by McGruder et al., and find WASP-25b and WASP-124b are consistent with the prediction, though their uncertainties are too large to confidently confirm the trend.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes


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