A simple model for nanofiber formation by rotary jet-spinning

Paula Mellado, Holly A. McIlwee, Mohammad R. Badrossamay, Josue A. Goss, L. Mahadevan, Kevin Kit Parker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanofibers are microstructured materials that span a broad range of applications from tissue engineering scaffolds to polymer transistors. An efficient method of nanofiber production is rotary jet-spinning (RJS), consisting of a perforated reservoir rotating at high speeds along its axis of symmetry, which propels a liquid, polymeric jet out of the reservoir orifice that stretches, dries, and eventually solidifies to form nanoscale fibers. We report a minimal scaling framework complemented by a semi-analytic and numerical approach to characterize the regimes of nanofiber production, leading to a theoretical model for the fiber radius consistent with experimental observations. In addition to providing a mechanism for the formation of nanofibers, our study yields a phase diagram for the design of continuous nanofibers as a function of process parameters with implications for the morphological quality of fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number203107
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume99
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Nov 2011

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