This study aimed to evaluate whether the scoring system of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) alters the instrument’s factor structure. The method considered 1,972 university students from nine Ibero American countries. Modeling was performed with structural equations for 1, 2, and 3 latent factors. The mechanism for scoring the questions was analyzed within each type of structure. The results indicate that models with 2 and 3 factors show better goodness-of-fit. In relation to scoring mechanisms, procedure 0-1-1-1 for models with 2 and 3 factors showed the best fit. In conclusion, there appears to be a relationship between the response format and the number of factors identified in the instrument’s structure. The model with the best fit was 3-factor 0-1-1-1-formatted, but 0-1-2-3 has acceptable and more stable indicators and provides a better format for two- and three-dimensional models.
|Translated title of the contribution||Does the GHQ-12 scoring system affect its factor structure? An exploratory study of Ibero American students|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Cadernos de Saude Publica|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2015|